Installation steps


  • Download and install a version of Oracle Database. For example Oracle Express.
  • Download the corresponding Oracle JDBC Drivers and copy the JAR (e.g. ojdbc6.jar in WEB-INF/lib/)
  • Start Oracle and connect to it with a DBA or system user. For example use the Oracle SQL*Plus command-line tool: connect system;
  • Create the wiki user and schema:
    create user xwiki
    identified by xwiki;
  • Create a tablespace (which is the Oracle term for what you know as a "database" on Microsoft SQL Server):
    select *
    from   dba_data_files
    -- Pick an adequate name from the list above.
    create tablespace xwiki
    datafile '/opt/SOMETHING/oracle/oradata/SID/xwiki01.dbf'
    size 1m
    autoextend on
    maxsize 1g
  • Create tables of the xwiki user by default in the new tablespace:
    alter user xwiki
    default tablespace xwiki
    temporary tablespace temp
    alter user xwiki quota unlimited on xwiki
  • Give sufficient privileges to the xwiki user:
    grant create session to xwiki;
    grant create table to xwiki;
    grant create sequence to xwiki;
  • Tell XWiki to use Oracle. To do this, edit the WEB-INF/hibernate.cfg.xml file where you have expanded the XWiki WAR file and uncommented the Oracle part. Make sure to review the connection.url property. For example a typical Oracle Express would be:<property name="connection.url">jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:1521:XE</property>

    XE is the default name of the ORACLE SID created by default by the installation for Oracle Express. If it is another you should change it. You can find the correct SID in app/oracle/product/10.2.0/server/NETWORK/ADMIN/tnsnames.ora in the Oracle installation directory (for Windows).


ORA-01400: cannot insert NULL into ("XWIKI"."XWIKILARGESTRINGS"."XWL_ID")

This error can appear if you're using Oracle JDBC driver The solution is to use version or greater of the driver.

SetString can only process strings of less than 32766 chararacters

If you see an error that says something like this:

Error number 3201 in 3: Exception while saving document XWiki.XWikiPreferences
Wrapped Exception: could not update: [com.xpn.xwiki.doc.XWikiDocumentArchive#104408758]
com.xpn.xwiki.XWikiException: Error number 3201 in 3: Exception while saving document XWiki.XWikiPreferences
Wrapped Exception: could not update: [com.xpn.xwiki.doc.XWikiDocumentArchive#104408758]
Wrapped Exception:

java.sql.SQLException: setString can only process strings of less than 32766 chararacters

Then that's because Oracle has a limitation of 32K for CLOBs. To overcome it you need to add the following 2 properties in the hibernate.cfg.xml file, as specified in the installation steps section above:

<property name="hibernate.connection.SetBigStringTryClob">true</property>
<property name="hibernate.jdbc.batch_size">0</property>

Installing Oracle from a VM

An easy to test Oracle is to use a VM. Here are some easy steps:

  • Download the VM from the Oracle web site
  • Install VirtualBox and import the VM in it
  • Note: I had to configure the VM network settings to use the "Bridged Adapter" instead of "NAT" in order to be able see it from my host machine
  • Start the VM and log in as oracle/oracle
  • Note that IP address printed in the shell that opens up, for example:
  • In the shell, starts the manager: emctl start dbconsole
  • Execute all the instructions above in the shell to create the xwiki database (don't forget to download the JDBC driver and put it in WEB-INF/lib)
  • From your host machine, point your browser on and connect as system/oracle
  • In your XWiki's hibernate.cfg.xml, use:
    <property name="connection.url">jdbc:oracle:thin:@</property>
  • Enjoy emoticon_wink

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